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Foxcroft et al. BMC PregnancyT at www.biomedcentral.com/submitFoxcroft et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013, 13:3 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/13/RESEARCH ARTICLEOpen AccessDevelopment and validation of a pregnancy symptoms inventoryKatie F Foxcroft1, Leonie K Callaway2, Nuala M Byrne3* and Joan WebsterAbstractBackground: Physical symptoms are common in pregnancy and are
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And. 2UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research and National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 3033501, Tampere, Finland. 3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619, Tallinn, Estonia. Received: 15 February 2012 Accepted: 17 December 2012 Published: 21 December 2012 References 1. Hemminki E, Topo P, Kangas I: Experience
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Uscript. RL commented the manuscript. PV participated in the designing of the analysis and commented the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgement This study was partly financed by Academy of Finland grant 2007?010 (decision number 115088). We thank all women who participated in the trial, the trial staff at clinical centres, and the staff at the National Inst
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En 19?4.Our sample size was too small to analyze this in relation to background characteristics to explain the variation. The results of the longitudinal analysis (comparing the same women over time) and those of the cross-sectional analysis showed relatively similar results. Thus, we can interpret the cross-sectional data as generally summing up the experience of all women throughout the followup
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Four "often" reported symptoms were urinary frequency (52.2 ), tiredness (45.5 ), poor sleep (27.5 ) and back pain (19.5 ). Among the women surveyed, 16.2 claimed to sometimes or often be incontinent. Referrals to the incontinence nurse increased > 8 fold during the study period. Conclusions: The PSI provides a comprehensive inventory of pregnancy related symptoms, with a mechanism for assessing
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Act of climacteric on well-being: a survey based on 5213 women 39 to 60 years old. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993, 168:772?80. Holte A: Prevalence of climacteric complaints in a representative sample of middle-aged women in Oslo, Norway. J Psycosom Obstet Gynaecol 1991, 12:303?17. Stearns V, Ullmer L, Lopez JF, Smith J, Isaacs C, Hayes DF: Hot flushes. Lancet 2002, 360:1851?861. Bardel A, Wallander MA,
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E therapy to either placebo or nothing (the control groups) [21]. Women were recruited in Estonia from 1999?001, and followed by annually mailed questionnaires in 2000?004. Detailed descriptions of the recruitment, inclusion and exclusion criteria, trial treatment, adherence, follow-up and trial outcomes as well as the content of information leaflets and trial questionnaires have been published el
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E therapy to either placebo or nothing (the control groups) [21]. Women were recruited in Estonia from 1999?001, and followed by annually mailed questionnaires in 2000?004. Detailed descriptions of the recruitment, inclusion and exclusion criteria, trial treatment, adherence, follow-up and trial outcomes as well as the content of information leaflets and trial questionnaires have been published el